The issue of doping, both at home and globally, is becoming increasingly complex. Doping of Representatives while longer with us does not follow the law, under the new conditions is highlighted by market principles, however, the motivation for fraud called doping did not change. Advances in pharmacology and synthesis of new materials and new systems of common drugs of abuse is some distance monitoring progress in anti-doping laboratory analytical methods and methodology doping control.
The problem is already very definition of doping, in which the international institutions seek to continually improve.
Doping is contrary to the ethics of sport and medical science.
- The use of banned substances pharmacodynamic groups
- The use of banned doping methods
For us, the definition is partially instantiated for the purposes of doping control in finding banned substances in body fluids athletes. Athlete himself is responsible for the positive, it does not preclude the prosecution of other persons who are proven to doping athletes participated.
In the world of the fight against doping controlled at several levels. The leading force in this direction is determined by the State Medical Board, which has its own rules and authorities are also various international sports federations. In Europe, operating within the Council of Europe Monitoring Group, which coordinates anti-doping activities of States that have signed the Anti-Doping Convention. By acceding to this Convention, the State is committed to effective action in the field of prevention and control of doping. The practical exercise of that commitment is in charge of Anti-Doping Committee. Its executive body is the Executive Doping Control which organizes independent and mostly neavízované doping control. Custom sampling conducted by a team of trained examiners.
Proposal for doping control can also be made by a sports association, as well may propose key selection of athletes. The last word, however, the executive branch. It then sends the Commissioner with special credentials for a specific event.
The actual doping tests for athletes begin signing the form calls for a doping control after being delivered to the doping control station. You can get drinks in the original sealed containers and delivered under the supervision of the Commissioner at least 75 ml of urine. It is then closed in two vials (sample A and B) which are separately secured in containers mechanical seals. Vials and seals are numeric codes that chooses himself a sportsman and laboratory then analyzes the samples completely anonymously.
In the event of a positive finding of a prohibited substance in the sample A has the option of an athlete or his authorized expert to monitor the laboratory analysis of unsealing the whole sample B. When an athlete is then identified as positive and Sports Association with him launch disciplinary proceedings.
Punishment for the guilty athletes or other persons to whom it is demonstrated participation in a positive finding, the ban on racing activities. The finding of ephedrine, caffeine and certain other stimulants is a three-month ban, other substances and the use of prohibited methods is a two-year ban. When repeated findings are escalating sanctions (for example, the second finding of anabolic steroids has been a lifetime ban on racing activities). Some international sports federations have partly different scale of penalties.
These penalties and other provisions of consistently follow the rules of the Council of Europe. Likewise, the material used for the abstraction of their methodology are with us in accordance with the recommendations of the Council of Europe.
The definition of doping by the Medical Commission's list of banned groups pharmacodynamic banned doping substances and methods, along with a warning about the substances subject to certain limitations. Very important is the fact that the entire group are banned substances (drug name, not the company!), And these groups are illustrated list of some of the most common examples. At the end of the list of examples is the phrase "and related substances" which means kinship to the group in terms of chemical structure or effect. It is not enough that none of the components of the drug was not on any broad list, the application of the drug is safer to seek expert advice. For quick lay practical orientation were issued cards with the names of the most common drugs approved for the most common diseases.
About once a year, the list says. It depends on the development of knowledge about the effects of certain substances of abuse and the method of detection. Often it is only specifying the conditions of use of certain substances, such as caffeine tolerance limits or limit the ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone, and the like. Here it should be noted that any calculation of the "authorized" Hanin certain substances may be in conditions of extreme performance and large individual differences in metabolism, very precarious. This applies, for example, caffeine, although one cup of regular coffee or a glass of wheels by itself does not cause a positive result.
Another problem is that the products containing ephedrine, which are often in medicines for diseases of the upper respiratory tract (and in Spasmoveralginu) and also sometimes in the slimming teas and other dietary supplements (e.g. Cyberblast etc.). Attention also on the advertising Coldrex recommended - it contains phenylephrine prohibited. It is also necessary to note here that these and other stimulants and narcotic analgesics can be safely used to treat outside the competition period, the doping control is monitored only during the competition. Mostly they are then limited in the treatment of asthma, for example, who can salbutamol, terbutaline and salmeterol inhalation use only, and so only after prior notification to the Executive of Doping Control. Another problem some diuretics are used to treat high blood pressure. Here is a question that so affected the athlete is able to take risks without significant burdens, especially in power sports.
As is clear from the last definition of doping, the motives for the prohibition of certain substances and methods are both ethical and also health. From an ethical point of view it is an attempt to ensure a level playing field for all participants in the competitions, which will not happen competitions pharmaceutical companies and chemical laboratories. In any case, the doping scam and a fraud must be resolved. As already mentioned above, the affected athlete is always guilty, and if the investigation proves the case of a person who has a positive doping finding participated. Unfortunately athlete caught doping at almost always conceals source for banned substances, thereby short-sighted and selfish assists threat to their other colleagues dealers doping substances or irresponsible trainers or doctors.
Equally important is alarming aspect of health. As a wide range of doping substances and are also a large number of potential health damage athletes. Each group banned drugs has a different reason for his abuse and also has a similarly distinct negative side effects. At this point it is not possible to list all hazards, but it is sufficient to recall from history that even death has ended many a overdose of stimulants, diuretics and anabolic steroids. But even without such tragic ends (often challenged by supporters of doping) are curable and incurable consequences of the use of anabolic steroids especially harsh taxes for doubtful momentary euphoria effect on the podium or fat check for "victory."
Groups of substances prohibited in certain cases
Disabled groups of substances
Peptide hormones and analogues
Stimulation of the...